The Hague Agreement Pdf

1. This agreement applies to the exclusive choice of judicial agreements with respect to the state of the elected jurisdiction after it comes into force. 2. This agreement does not apply to proceedings open with respect to the state of the court before it came into force. A state may declare that its courts may refuse to rule on disputes that are subject to an exclusive court order where there is no connection between the court and the parties or the dispute outside the seat of the elected court. (a) the agreement is, according to the law of the State of the elected jurisdiction, null and void; (b) a party was unable to conclude the agreement in accordance with state law of the court in the court; (c) the effect of the agreement would lead to a manifest injustice or would be manifestly contrary to the public policy of the state of the court before it; (d) for exceptional reasons beyond the control of the parties, the agreement cannot reasonably be implemented; or (e) the elected court decided not to hear the case. (a) a complete and certified copy of the judgment; (b) the exclusive choice of the court arrangement, a certified copy of the court, or any other proof of its existence; (c) where the judgment has been rendered late, the original or a certified copy of a document indicating that the procedure has been notified to the defaulting party or to an equivalent document; (d) all documents necessary to demonstrate the effectiveness of the judgment or, if necessary, the execution in the State of origin; (e) in the Article 12 case, a certificate from a state of origin jurisdiction attesting that the judicial regime or part of it is enforceable in the same way as a decision in the country of origin. (d) an exclusive court decision as part of a contract is treated as an agreement independent of the other terms of the contract. The validity of the exclusive decision cannot be challenged solely because the contract is not valid. (a) to which a natural person acting primarily for personal, family or domestic (consumer) purposes is a supporter; (b) with respect to employment contracts, including collective agreements.

1. A judgment of a court of a contracting state designated in an exclusive for agreement is recognized and executed in other contracting states in accordance with this chapter. Recognition or enforcement can only be denied for the reasons set out in this agreement. 2. Without prejudice to the review required for the application of the provisions of this chapter, there is no verification of the merits of the judgment of the original court. The required jurisdiction is bound by the factual findings on which the court of origin was based, unless the judgment has been delayed.