The agreement focuses on promoting compliance through trade-friendly consultations and remedial measures, not on trade sanctions or other sanctions for non-compliance. The agreement provides for an enforcement mechanism that includes monetary sanctions to enforce trade, labour and environmental obligations in the trade agreement. International investment agreements (AI) are divided into two types: (1) bilateral investment agreements and (2) investment contracts. A bilateral investment agreement (ILO) is an agreement between two countries to promote and protect investments made by investors from the countries concerned in the territory of the other country. The vast majority of IDu are bits. The category of contracts with investment rules (TIPs) includes different types of investment contracts that are not BITs. There are three main types of TIPs: 1) global economic contracts that contain commitments that are often included in ILOs (. B, for example, a free trade agreement with an investment chapter); 2. contracts with limited investment provisions (for example. B, investment creation or free transfer of investment-related funds; and 3) contracts that contain only “framework clauses,” such as. B on investment cooperation and/or a mandate for future investment negotiations. In addition to IDAMIT, there is also an open category of investment-related instruments (IRIs).
It includes various binding and non-binding instruments, such as model agreements and draft instruments, multilateral conventions on dispute settlement and arbitration rules, documents adopted by international organisations and others. The general opposition to the free trade agreement comes primarily from labour, anti-globalization and certain environmental interests. Specific provisions will also be discussed, particularly if these provisions were to serve as a model for future free trade agreements with other countries. The AFL-CIO, for example, generally opposes additional free trade agreements. His position (which reflects some of the concerns of its member unions) is that free trade agreements (such as the North American Free Trade Agreement) have cost hundreds of thousands of jobs in the United States and undermined worker bargaining power. The AFL-CIO also claims that in many developing countries, free trade has profoundly destroyed the environment and widened the income gap between the world`s richest and poorest citizens. (9) Specific provisions that are controversial in the agreement, such as temporary visas, the integrated public procurement initiative, chewing gum and capital controls, will be discussed later in this report.