In international law, the relationship between China and ASEAN is the relationship between a state and an international organization. They are both subjects of international law, but their international legal status is different and the implementation of certain bilateral issues requires the necessary involvement of ASEAN member States. However, some problems have arisen in Germany with regard to the energy transition and the use of an electricity market, including overcapacity of the electricity system and power plants, which have struggled to make sufficient profits due to low electricity prices. In order to ensure a safe and cost-effective electricity supply based on a high-penetration electricity system of renewable energy, Germany adopted the Electricity Market Act in 2015, thus updating the electricity market frameworks in force so far. This decision to update the electricity market was chosen after a broad debate between this policy orientation and the creation of a capacity market, which has been abandoned in the meantime (Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, 2014b). A second risk of regionalism and bilateralism is the creation of a complex trading system, as Baldwin claims. There are agreements within large blocs of countries in the same region, such as the north and south blocs of the Americas, Europe and Asia, which overlap with many other peripherals. This is reflected in the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Beijing Declaration on ASEAN-China ICT Cooperative Partnership for Common Development, signed by the Chinese Foreign Minister and the ASEAN Secretary-General in January 200763. .